Television - The television is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound ...
Invention of Television. Probably no other invention in history has been so hotly disputed as the
prestigious claim to the invention of the television.
Invention of Television
Probably no other invention in history has been so hotly disputed as
the prestigious claim to the invention of the television.
The credit as to who
was the inventor of modern television really comes down to two
different people in two different places both working on the same
problem at about the same time: Vladimir Kosma Zworykin, a
Russian-born American inventor working for Westinghouse, and Philo
Taylor Farnsworth, a privately backed farm boy from the state of
Zworykin is usually credited as being the father of modern
television. This was because the patent for the heart of the TV, the
electron scanning tube, was first applied for by Zworykin in 1923,
under the name of an iconoscope. The iconoscope was an electronic
image scanner - essentially a primitive television camera.
Farnsworth was the first of the two inventors to successfully
demonstrate the transmission of television signals, which he did on
September 7, 1927, using a scanning tube of his own design.
Farnsworth received a patent for his electron scanning tube in 1930.
Zworykin was not able to duplicate Farnsworth's achievements until
1934 and his patent for a scanning tube was not issued until 1938.
The truth of the matter is this, that while Zworykin applied for the
patent for his iconoscope in 1923, the invention was not functional
until some years later and all earlier efforts were of such poor
quality that Westinghouse officials ordered him to work on something
In the late thirties, when RCA and Zworykin, who was now working for
RCA, tried to claim rights to the essence of television, it became
evident that Farnsworth held the priority patent in the technology.
The president of RCA sought to control television the same way that
they controlled radio and vowed that, RCA earns royalties, it does
not pay them,and a 50 million dollar legal battle subsequently
In the height of the legal battle for patent priority, Farnsworths
high school science teacher was subpoenaed and traveled to
Washington to testify that as a 14 year old, Farnsworth had shared
his ideas of his television scanning tube with his teacher.
With patent priority status ruled in favor of Farnsworth, RCA for the
first time in its history, began paying royalties for television in
1939. Philo Farnsworth was recently named one of TIME Magazine's 100
Greatest Scientists and Thinkers of the 20th Century.